Alectryon oleifolius subsp. canescens S.T.Reynolds

Cattle Bush

Austrobaileya 2: 337 (1987) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Shrubs or small trees to 6 m high, usually bushy with weeping or erect branches; branchlets, leaves and inflorescences densely white-pubescent. Leaves simple, sericeous when young, obovate to elliptic, (3–)5–8.5(–10) long, 0.4–1.6(–2.2) cm wide, obtuse, acute or subacute, mucronate, coriaceous; petiole 2–16 mm long. Inflorescence raceme- or panicle-like 1.5–9 cm long, 1.5–5 cm diam.; cymules (1–)2–9-flowered. Flowers usually bisexual; pedicels 1.5–10 mm long; calyx 1.5–2.5 mm long, subentire, broadly 5–10-toothed at margins, silky white-hairy (in Victoria); petals absent; stamen filaments 1.5–4 mm long; ovary densely white tomentose to puberulent. Capsules (1–)2–3-lobed, densely hairy, 10–25 mm diam.; pericarp subwoody, hairy or glabrous. Flowers and fruits Sep.–Feb.

LoM, MuF, MuM, MSB, RobP, VRiv, Wim. Confined in Victoria to mallee regions where occurring on more fertile soils of low dunes and ridges, floodplains etc.

Fruiting of this species is irregular in Victoria with occasional 'mast' years and other years where virtually no fruit are produced across the range. Subsp. elongatus S.T.Reynolds differs in its larger glabrescent leaves, many-flowered inflorescences and glabrous capsules. It is largely coextensive with subsp. canescens, but has not been collected in Victoria.

Source: Duretto, M.F. (1999). Sapindaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-06-06
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Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Alectryon oleifolius subsp. canescens in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Alectryon oleifolius subsp. canescens in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales