Botrychium australe R.Br.

Austral Moonwort

Prodr. 164 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: vulnerable (v); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Frond 10–40 cm tall, fleshy, parsley-like. Sterile lamina stalked, broadly triangular, 2–4-pinnate, ultimate leaflets broadly toothed or lobed. Spike narrower than sterile lamina, much-branched, on long, erect, fleshy stalk arising from well below sterile lamina. Sporangia in 2 rows on lateral branches, crowded and sessile.

CVU, EGL, GipP, HNF, HSF, MonT, SnM, VAlp, VRiv, VVP. Also SA (extinct), Qld, NSW, Tas (extinct). New Zealand, South America. Rare, in lowland forest to subalpine grassland in eastern Victoria, formerly known from near Melbourne.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Ferns and allied plants (Psilophyta, Lycopodiophyta, Polypodiophyta). In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-07-07
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
class Psilotopsida
genus Botrychium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Botrychium australe in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Botrychium australe in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory