Kickxia elatine subsp. crinita (Mabille) Greuter

Twining Toadflax

Boissiera 13: 108 (1967) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Diagnostic features as in key. Flowers Jan.–Jun.

*CVU, *GipP, *HSF, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Weed of disturbed areas, scattered across Victoria.

The pedicels are variably hairy, even within individuals. In at least some plants the hairs are deciduous (numerous hair bases being visible under high magnification); such plants may have been referred to subsp. elatine. In concordance with Barker (1986), it may be that most or all Victorian representatives of K. elatine are variants of subsp. crinita.

Source: Barker, W.R. (1999). Scrophulariaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Kickxia elatine subsp. crinita in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Kickxia elatine subsp. crinita in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present introduced
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Otway Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory