Mirabilis jalapa L.

Marvel of Peru

Sp. Pl. 1: 177 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Annual erect herb to 1 m high; stem glabrous or puberulent. Leaves ovate or ovate-triangular, 3–9 cm long, 2–5 cm wide, glabrous; base cordate to truncate; apex acuminate; petiole 1–4 cm long. Inflorescence 3–7-flowered, often with only 1 flower developing; involucral bracts united, lobes acuminate, persistent. Flowers subsessile, fragrant, opening in the afternoon; perianth 5-lobed, white, yellow, or red, sometimes with a mixture of all colours on the one plant, 2–6 cm long, 2.5–3 cm diam.; stamens 5(–6), exserted. Fruit (anthocarp) subglobose, 5–8 mm diam., ribbed, tuberculate. Flowers Feb.­–May           

*GipP, *VVP. Also naturalised WA, ChI, SA, Qld, NSW, NI, ACT. Native to tropical America.

A garden escape, sparingly established, with collections from Ballarat, and Toongabbie.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2015-03-16
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-02-18
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Caryophyllanae
family Nyctaginaceae
genus Mirabilis
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Mirabilis jalapa in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Mirabilis jalapa in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory