Melianthaceae

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Evergreen trees or shrubs. Leaves alternate, entire, toothed or pinnate, petiolate; stipules often large. Inflorescences terminal or axillary spikes or racemes. Flowers usually bisexual, zygomorphic, resupinate; pedicels subtended by bracts; sepals usually 5, free or partly fused, imbricate, unequal; petals 4 or 5, unequal, clawed, imbricate; nectariferous disk outside the stamens; stamens usually 4 or 5, free or fused at base, unequal, alternating with petals, anthers 2-celled, dehiscing longitudinally; ovary superior, 4- or 5-celled, ovules 1–4 per cell, basal or axillary, style simple, stigma truncate or 4- or 5-lobed. Fruit a papery or woody capsule, winged, dehiscing apically or loculicidally; seeds 1–10, with endosperm, sometimes arillate.

2 genera with c. 8 species, in tropical and southern Africa; 1 genus naturalised in Australia.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Melianthaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2014-09-10
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Geraniales
Higher taxa
family Melianthaceae
Subordinate taxa
genus Melianthus