Peganum harmala L.

African Rue

Sp. Pl. 444 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Spreading herb 30–80 cm high, glabrous; stems rigid, much-branched. Leaves usually divided several times, 10–50 mm long, sessile, ultimate divisions more or less linear, mostly 1–2 mm wide, apex acute. Flowers solitary; pedicels to 20 mm long; sepals usually 5, linear, 8–20 mm long, often toothed or divided, free; petals usually 5, ovate-oblong, 12–17 mm long, sometimes toothed or lobed, apex obtuse, creamy-white. Fruit a loculicidal capsule, depressed globose, 7–10 mm long, 8–12 mm diam., stipitate, opening at apex. Flowers mostly Nov.–Feb.

*Gold, *MuF, *VRiv. Also naturalised SA, NSW. Native to Spain and northern Africa to Tibet. Known in Victoria only from the Katamatite, Mooroopna West and Nathalia areas where a weed of pasture.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Zygophyllaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-07
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Sapindales
family Nitrariaceae
genus Peganum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Peganum harmala in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Peganum harmala in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Murray Fans present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales