Caladenia lowanensis G.W.Carr

Indig. Flora & Fauna Assoc. Misc. Pap. 1: 9 (1991) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:EPBC: endangered (EN); Victoria: endangered (e); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Flowering plant 12–25 cm tall. Leaf 7–12 cm long, 8–12 mm wide. Flowers solitary; perianth segments 2–3.5 cm long, pale yellow with red lines and suffusions; lateral sepals divergent, deflexed, flattened at base, 3–4 mm wide, tapered to a filiform, clubbed tail, clubs linear, 5–8 mm long, with reddish, contiguous, sessile glands; petals spreading to deflexed, shorter than sepals, flattened at base, tapered to a long acuminate apex. Labellum curved forward with apex recurved and lateral lobes erect, lamina ovate, more or less 3-lobed, 10–14 mm long and 6–8 mm wide (when flattened), red at least distally, proximal half pale yellowish, with red veins; marginal calli on lateral lobes linear, to 2 mm long, diminishing in size towards the (usually) entire or slightly irregular mid-lobe; lamina calli in 4 to 6 rows, somewhat crowded, glossy, not extending onto mid-lobe, stout and flat-topped, to 1 mm long at base of lamina, decreasing in size towards apex. Flowers Sep.–Oct.

GGr, Wim. Also SA. Until recently thought to be endemic to Victoria where found at a few sites in and near the Little Desert National Park mostly in Eucalyptus leucoxylon/Callitris gracilis woodlands on well-drained red-brown sandy soils.

Known from very few plants and regarded as endangered.

Apparent hybrids with Caladenia tensa and C. cardiochila have been observed.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-15
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Caladenia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Caladenia lowanensis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Caladenia lowanensis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Greater Grampians present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia