Asteliaceae

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Dioecious or hermaphroditic perennial herbs; stems short. Rootstock rhizomatous, plants sometimes epiphytic. Leaves simple, spirally arranged, usually densely pubescent, sessile, sheaths open or closed; venation parallel. Inflorescence a terminal racemose panicle, rarely few-flowered. Flowers unisexual or bisexual. Perianth membranous, often bract-like, in 2 whorls of 3(–7), fused or free. Stamens 6, free or fused basally to tepals; anthers basifixed to dorsifixed, dehiscing by longitudinal slits; female flowers with staminodes. Ovary superior, 1- or 3-locular, with up to 7 carpels; ovules several per locule; styles short or absent, stigmas 3 or 1 and 3-lobed; male flowers with a rudimentary ovary. Fruit a berry, rarely a capsule; seeds angular, sometimes with mucilaginous hairs.

4 genera and about 35 species, from Australia, New Zealand, the Pacific Islands, Mauritius, Reunion and South America; 3 genera in Australia, 1 in Victoria.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2014-12-08
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Liliales
Higher taxa
family Asteliaceae
Subordinate taxa
genus Astelia