Gladiolus communis subsp. byzantinus (Mill.) A.P.Ham.

J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 76: 358 (1978) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Corm with outer layers papery to fibrous. Stem rarely branched, with 2 or 3 sheathing leaves. Basal leaves 3–5, ensiform, 0.8–2 cm wide, flat, with several prominent veins. Inflorescence with flowers ± distichous, 5–15-flowered. Flowers bilabiate, deep purple. Perianth tube up to 1.5 cm long, widened at mouth, curved; lobes with margin and apex flat, sub-equal, spreading; adaxial lobe hood-shaped; abaxial 3 lobes often with a pale mark near the top of the tube. Anthers c. 10 mm long. Style exceeding anthers. Flowers Oct.–Nov.

*CVU, *Gold, *HSF, *VVP. Native of Spain, Sicily and North-western Africa. Collected from Mt Evelyn, the Macedon Ranges and Mount Egerton.

One of two subspecies is naturalised in Australia. Var. communis is of a different ploidy level to var. byzantinus and hardly fertile. Morphologically the subspecies are very similar.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1994). Iridaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Andre Messina, 2014-10-28
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Iridaceae
genus Gladiolus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Gladiolus communis subsp. byzantinus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Gladiolus communis subsp. byzantinus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia