Datura stramonium L.

Common Thorn-apple

Sp. Pl. 179 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Stout herb to 1.5 m high; branches glabrous or sparsely pubescent with simple hairs. Leaves rhombic to angular-ovate, mostly 8–35 cm long, 5–20 cm wide, with few deep lobes that are coarsely toothed or sinuate, apex acute to acuminate, base cuneate, more or less glabrous; petiole to c. 10 cm long. Flowers erect on short indistinct pedicels; calyx 5-lobed, 2.5–4(–5.5) cm long, lobes 4–8 mm long; corolla 6–8(–10) cm long, white or pale lavender, limb 5-lobed, the lobes ending in a slender point c. 10 mm long; stamens not exserted, anthers 3–6 mm long; style 4–6 cm long; stigma below, at same level as or higher than anthers. Capsule ovoid, to c. 4.5 cm long, erect, spiny, opening by 4 valves; spines 100–200, slender, conical, sharp, variable in length, the longest less than 2 cm long; persistent calyx-base to 10 mm long; seeds 2.5–4.5 mm long, black or grey. Flowers mainly summer.

*CVU, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *HSF, *MuF, *MuM, *MSB, *NIS, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Naturalised in all States. Native to Central America. Widespread in disturbed sites often in agricultural districts and on sandy river banks.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Solanaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-03-04
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Solanales
family Solanaceae
genus Datura
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Datura stramonium in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Datura stramonium in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Scroll Belt present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory