Nothofagus cunninghamii (Hook.) Oerst.

Myrtle Beech

Kongel. Danske Vidensk.-Selsk. Skr., ser. 5, 9: 355 (1871) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Evergreen shrub or tree to 30 m high, frequently with adventitious shoots; trunk to 2.5 m diam.; young foliage orange-red; young stems hairy. Leaves ovate, trullate or triangular, firm, very shortly petiolate; apex rounded to acute; margins irregularly and bluntly toothed; base cuneate to truncate; lamina 10–25 mm long, 5–18 mm wide, gland-dotted and deep green above, paler beneath; stipules 2–4 mm long, membranous. Male inflorescence with 1–3 flowers; perianth 6-lobed, 2–3 mm long; stamens 8–12, filaments hairy. Female inflorescence ovoid, 2–4 mm long, with 3 flowers, surrounded by leathery, hairy involucre bearing recurving glandular scales. Cupule 6–7 mm long; nuts 5–6 mm long, usually 3 per cupule, the outer pair triquetrous, the central one biconvex. Flowers Nov.–Jan.

HNF, HSF, OtR, Strz, VAlp, WPro. Also Tas. Restricted to cool, shaded forests, often in sheltered valleys. Occasionally (in absence of fire) growing in pure stands, but also as understorey in tall eucalypt forest or even with Snow-gums (e.g. Baw Baw Plateau).

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1996). Fagaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-07
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fagales
family Nothofagaceae
genus Nothofagus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Nothofagus cunninghamii in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Nothofagus cunninghamii in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales