Caleana major R.Br.

Large Duck-orchid

Prodr. 329 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Flowering plant 18–40 cm tall, with narrow sheathing bract towards base. Leaf narrow-lanceolate, 4–13 cm long, 4–8 mm wide, generally reddish. Flowers reddish-brown, 1–3 (with rudimentary bud at apex) on very slender pedicels subtended by acute bract; ovary humped; dorsal sepal curving closely beneath column, channelled, narrowly obovate to spathulate, mucronate, 12–15 mm long; lateral sepals reflexed, channelled, contracted above middle then narrowly tubular or pointed, 12–16 mm long; petals deflexed against wings of column, narrow-linear, c. 11 mm long. Labellum claw strap-like, curved, 5–8 mm long, attached to middle of inflated part of lamina; lamina obovate, 8–9 mm long, smooth, centre inflated and hollow, cavity open below, with beak-like extension on column side, and flattened blunt, down-curved appendage at distal end. Column incurved, very broadly winged from anther to base, cupped, wings connected to labellum claw. Flowers Sep.–Jan.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, OtP, OtR, Strz, VRiv, VVP, Wim. All states except WA. Widespread but uncommon, usually in open-forest or heath-land, frequently in slightly disturbed habitats.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Jeff Jeanes, 2014-10-01
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Caleana
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Caleana major in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Caleana major in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory