Romulea rosea (L.) Eckl.

Topogr. Verz. Pflanzensamml. Ecklon 19 (1827) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Corm globose, with outer layers ± smooth except split into numerous tooth-like fibres at base and apex. Stem absent. Leaves several, all basal, 8–45 cm long, 0.5–2.5 mm wide, filiform to compressed cylindrical, grooved, tough, fibrous. Scape 3–12 cm long. Basal 'outer' primary bract 10–25 mm long, herbaceous; distal 'inner' primary bract slightly shorter, herbaceous with a wide dry and membranous margin. Perianth tube 2–8 mm long, yellow or orange; lobes elliptic, 10–38 mm long, pale to bright pink or magenta, rarely white, with apex acute or subacute; inner perianth lobes with dark stripes or greenish on outer surface. Staminal filaments 4–6 mm long, glabrescent; anthers 3–10 mm long. Style 7–18 mm long; stigmas shorter to longer than stamens. Capsule cylindric, c. 1 cm long; infructescence intially decurved, becoming straight at maturity.

*Brid, *CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *MSB, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim.

Native to Africa. Two of the five varieties are naturalised in Victoria. A third variety, var. communis Vos is naturalised in Western Australia.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1994). Iridaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Andre Messina, 2014-11-11
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Iridaceae
genus Romulea
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Romulea rosea in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Romulea rosea in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present introduced
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Scroll Belt present introduced
Murray Fans present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present introduced
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
East Gippsland Uplands present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present introduced
Strzelecki Ranges present introduced
Victorian Alps present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory