Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Mangroves, shrubs or trees, with pneumatophores. Leaves opposite and decussate, simple. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, cymose, spicate or subcapitate; each flower surrounded by a persistent scale-like bract and 2 bracteoles. Flowers sessile, regular; calyx deeply 5-lobed, with lobes almost free; corolla campanulate-rotate, 4-lobed; stamens 4, inserted in throat of corolla-tube; ovary with free-central placenta, ovules 4. Fruit a capsule, dehiscent by 2 valves, 1-seeded by abortion, viviparous.

A widespread tropical and subtropical genus of 5 species; 2 species in Australia.

Sometimes placed in the separate family Avicenniaceae or as part of a broadly defined Verbenaceae.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1999). Verbenaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2015-06-01
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Acanthaceae
Higher taxa
genus Avicennia
Subordinate taxa