Viola banksii K.R.Thiele & Prober

Muelleria 18: 15 (2004) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Stoloniferous perennial herb, glabrous to pubescent, sometimes tuber-like swellings formed along subterranean stems. Leaves tufted; lamina broad-reniform to orbicular, 12–35 mm long, 20–50(–65) mm wide, basal sinus usually narrow, extending to about the midpoint of the lamina, apex rounded, margins conspicuously but shallowly 10–20-toothed; petioles 2–8(–12) cm long; stipules free, linear-lanceolate, 3–7 mm long, often shallowly gland-toothed. Flower-scapes to 15 cm long, exceeding leaves, bracteoles near middle. Sepals lanceolate, 4–5 mm long, acute, basal appendages small; petals 8–15 mm long, 2-coloured, mauve-violet toward base and white near apex (rarely entirely white), with sharp demarcation between colours; anterior (lower) petal ovate to broad elliptic, broadest in the middle third, usually emarginate, the middle 3 longitudinal veins prominent and parallel, not spurred; lateral petals twisted through 180 degrees, densely bearded in the basal half. Capsule ovoid, 4–6 mm long; seeds 1.8–2.5 mm long, glossy purplish-black.. Flowers mostly Oct.–Feb.

*HSF. Native to Qld, NSW. Widely cultivated, recorded as naturalised in moist, shaded forest near Healesville, presumably as a result of dumping of garden waste.

Usually a vigorous plant in gardens and often grown, mistakenly, as native V. hederacea.

Created by: Neville Walsh, 2015-04-10
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-01-14
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malpighiales
family Violaceae
genus Viola
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Viola banksii in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Viola banksii in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory