Monogr. Phanerog. 4: 527 (1883) APNI
Herb, 30–65 cm high; roots plumose. Leaves with petiole spongy, short and abruptly swollen in young plants, more tapered and slender in adult plants (up to 50 cm long); lamina broadly ovate to orbicular, or transversely elliptic, (4–)7–15(–25) cm long (length to width ratio 0.5–1.2); base cordate, truncate or rounded; apex obtuse to flattened. Inflorescence up to 50 cm long (including non-flowering part), (3–)8–20(–35)-flowered. Flowers showy, 3.7–5 cm long, open flower 4–6 cm across; tube c. 1.5–2 cm long, slightly curved, greenish; lobes lilac, veins often darker; adaxial lobe with a yellow, blue-bordered central blotch. Stamens irregularly inserted at base of lobes, 3 greatly exserted, 3 shorter and just exserted. Seeds formed only if infructescence bends downwards and becomes submerged. Flowers Jan.-Mar.
*CVU, *EGL, *GipP, *HNF, *HSF, *MuM, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised in WA, Qld, NSW, Central and southern North America, Africa, India, Malesia, New Caledonia, New Zealand. Native to Brazil. A serious noxious weed in slow-moving or stagnant fresh water (Parsons & Cuthbertson 1992). In Victoria, populations of this species have been eradicated or are controlled by current management procedures.
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||naturalised|
|Central Victorian Uplands||present||introduced|
|East Gippsland Lowlands||present||naturalised|
|New South Wales|