Caprifoliaceae

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native (naturalised in part(s) of state)

Shrubs, woody climbers or trees, rarely herbs. Leaves opposite, joined basally by a ridge, simple or pinnate, entire or toothed; stipules usually absent. Inflorescences terminal, spike-like or cymose, or rarely reduced to 2 flowers terminal on short lateral branches. Flowers actinomorphic or zygomorphic, bisexual; sepals 2–5, free almost to base, adnate to ovary, persistent; petals 2–5, united at base, sometimes 2-lipped with upper lip 4-lobed and lower lip entire; stamens as many as corolla-lobes and alternating with them, epipetalous, anthers 2-celled, dehiscing by longitudinal slits; ovary inferior, 1–8-celled, ovules 1-many per cell, pendulous, style single, sometimes very short, stigma terminal, capitate or 2–5-lobed. Fruit a berry, capsule or achene.

About 13 genera with c. 500 species, mainly in northern temperate regions but also at high altitudes in the tropics and a few in southern temperate regions; 4 genera in Australia.

Sambucus and Viburnum are sometimes included in the segregate families Sambucaceae and Viburnaceae respectively.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Caprifoliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
 
Hero image
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Dipsacales
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa
genus Leycesteria
genus Lonicera
genus Sambucus
genus Viburnum