Eryngium ovinum A.Cunn.

Blue Devil

in Field, Geogr. Mem. New South Wales 358 (1825) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Erect perennial herb to 60 cm high, with short rootstock and clusters of blackish tubers. Basal leaves to 45 cm long, (bi)pinnatisect, segments linear, spine-tipped. Main flowering stem arising from base of the plant, 1–3-branched from a pair of opposite spiny bracts 7–35 cm above ground level and dichotomously or ternately branched from succeeding pairs of bracts, producing a rather rigid dichasial inflorescence, the strongly ribbed flowering stems and flowering heads usually metallic blue; flowering heads c. ovoid, mostly c. 10(–15) mm long, c. 10 mm wide; bracteoles of involucre and apex 15–20 mm long, those subtending flowers conspicuous, exceeding them by 8–15 mm; petals bluish-purple, apex fimbriate. Fruit 4–5 mm long with crowded, thin, long, acuminate vesicular scales Flowers Nov.–Jan.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MuF, MuM, NIS, OtP, VRiv, VVP, Wim. Also SA, NSW, Tas. Occurs widely in grasslands and grassy woodlands, usually on heavy cracking clay soils, becoming uncommon in some areas through habitat depletion. .

Source: Michael, P.W. (1999). Eryngium. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Apiales
family Apiaceae
genus Eryngium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Eryngium ovinum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Eryngium ovinum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory