Juncus psammophilus L.A.S.Johnson

Sand Rush

Telopea 5: 314 (1993) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

Densely tufted dioecious perennial with horizontal or ascending rhizomes. Cataphylls pinkish-brown to dark brown towards the base, to c. 30 cm long. Culms ± bright green, easily compressed, 65–200 cm high and 1.5–3.5(–4) mm diam.; striations 75–120, crowded and not strongly raised; pith often interrupted throughout or in part (sometimes only towards base), cobwebby in upper part; stomates sunken in pits. Inflorescence loose, many-flowered, flowers scattered along fine ± slightly flexuose branchlets; primary bract continuous with culm, to c. 40 cm long; prophylls present. Tepals stramineous or occasionally faintly reddish-tinged, 1.8–2.8 mm long in male flowers, 1.3–2.2 mm in female flowers; stamens 6, anthers c. 0.7–1 mm long, reduced to staminodes in female flowers. Capsules equal to or slightly longer or shorter than the tepals, stramineous to golden-brown, 1.5–2 mm long. Flowers recorded in Dec, seeds shed probably Jan.–Apr.

CVU, Gold, NIS, VRiv. Also Qld, NSW. A rare species in Victoria whose range is likely to have been reduced due to vegetation clearance. Extant populations are confined to Eucalyptus camaldulensis or sometimes Eucalyptus microcarpa woodlands along the sandy or silty banks of streams or in seasonal swamps and depressions. although rare, it may be locally dominant.

Source: Albrecht, D.E. (1994). Juncus. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-03-04
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Juncaceae
genus Juncus
Higher taxa



Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Juncus psammophilus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Juncus psammophilus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Riverina present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales