Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh.

River Red-gum

Cat. Horti. Camald. 6, edn 2, 20 (1832) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tree to 40 m tall; bark smooth, mottled, shedding at intervals throughout the year showing white, yellow and grey, becoming roughened at base. Juvenile leaves petiolate, soon alternate, broadly lanceolate to lanceolate, to 11 cm long, 3 cm wide, dull green; adult leaves petiolate, alternate, lanceolate, 10–20 cm long, 1–2 cm wide, concolorous, dull, green; reticulation dense, with numerous (rarely few or absent), clear, yellow and green island oil glands. Inflorescences axillary, unbranched; peduncles to 2 cm long, 7-flowered; buds pedicellate, hypanthium hemispherical; operculum beaked, to 1 cm long, 0.5 cm diam., scar present; stamens inflexed; anthers dorsifixed, cuneate; ovules in 6 vertical rows; flowers white. Fruit pedicellate, hypanthium hemispherical, to 0.6 cm long, 1 cm diam.; disc ascending; valves 4, exserted; seed yellow or yellow-brown, cuboid, smooth, hilum terminal. Flowers summer.

CVU, DunT, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MuF, MuM, MSB, NIS, OtP, RobP, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, Wim. Also WA (native and naturalised), NT, SA, Qld, NSW, ACT. Widespread along rivers of all continental Australia. In Gippsland apparently no further east than the Mitchell River.

The species varies throughout Australia in the colour of both juvenile and adult leaves, shape of the operculum and associated staminal flexion, and in its ability to survive in a variety of well-watered and seasonally arid sites. Seven subspecies are currently recognised to accommodate this variation (see McDonald et al. 2009), with only the type subspecies in Victoria (but also see notes under Eucalyptus aff. camaldulensis (Torrumbarry), E. ×studleyensis, and E. ×oxypoma).

It is the most widely planted eucalypt outside Australia.

Source: Brooker, M.I.H.; Slee, A.V. (1996). Eucalyptus. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-05-24

McDonald, M.W.; Brooker, M.I.H. & Butcher, P.A. (2009). A taxonomic revision of Eucalyptus camaldulensis (Myrtaceae), Australian Systematic Botany 22: 264-268.

Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Myrtales
family Myrtaceae
genus Eucalyptus
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Eucalyptus camaldulensis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Eucalyptus camaldulensis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory