Cakile maritima subsp. maritima

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Stems ascending or decumbent, to 80 cm long. Lower leaves to 10 cm long, lateral lobes of usually 2–4 pairs or margins broadly toothed to entire. Inflorescence elongating in fruit. Sepals 4–6 mm long; petals 8–14 mm long, white to purple. Fruit spreading, 12–27 mm long (including beak), 4–8 mm wide, breaking between the upper and lower segments; lower segment more or less obconical, expanding into 2 lateral projections; upper segment compressed, conical-lanceolate, somewhat 4-angled, unilocular. Flowers spring–autumn.

*Brid, *EGL, *GipP, *Glep, *OtP, *OtR, *Strz, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. Native to northern Africa, Europe, Asia-temperate. Common on sandy coasts.

The primary basis for subspecies recognition, the degree of leaf incision and fruit constriction, can be quite variable amongst Victorian material but all collections are generally referred to Cakile maritima subsp. maritima.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2016-08-04
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-02-12
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Brassicales
family Brassicaceae
genus Cakile
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cakile maritima subsp. maritima in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cakile maritima subsp. maritima in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales