Billardiera fusiformis Labill.

Nov. Holl. Pl. 1: 65, t.90 (1805) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Vigorous twining shrub to c. 2 m high, young stems more or less shining, reddish-brown. Leaves narrowly lanceolate to oblanceolate, 20–50 mm long, 5–18 mm wide, glabrous, shortly petiolate. Cymes usually 2–5-flowered; pedicels slender, c. 1–2 cm long; sepals ovate, 2–3 mm long, acute, slightly pouched at base, dark blue or bluish-green; petals obovate, 8–12 mm long, obtuse, usually shortly apiculate, bright blue (rarely pink or white); stamens 4.5–6.5 mm long, anthers slightly longer than filaments; style subequal to stamens; ovary pubescent. Berry 2–3.5 cm long, green to blackish, firmly succulent; seeds numerous, flattened-ellipsoid, 2–3 mm long, brown, tuberculate, embedded in fleshy, somewhat viscid pulp.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *OtP, *OtR. A hardy, commonly cultivated twiner, escaping via bird-dispersed seed or garden refuse into native bushland in several outer Melbourne suburbs, near-coastal areas on the Mornington Peninsula (Dromana, Hastings area) and in the east at Bemm River.

This widely cultivated species was previously known as Sollya heterophylla Lindl. Broader leaved plants that lack long sagittate anthers are sometimes regarded as a distinct species, Billardiera heterophylla (Lindl.) L.Cayzer & Crisp. These plants are thought to have a higher tolerance of saline conditions. However, broad and narrow leaved forms are not readily discernible, and only B. fusiformis is recognised in Victoria.

Source: Walsh, N.G.; Albrecht, D.E. (1996). Pittosporaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Sollya heterophylla Lindl.).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-12-21

Cayzer, L.W.; Crisp, M.D. & Telford, I.R.H. (2004). Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae), Australian Systematic Botany 17(1): 83-125.

Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Apiales
genus Billardiera
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Billardiera fusiformis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Billardiera fusiformis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory