Aira cupaniana Guss.

Fl. Sicul. Syn. 1: 148 (1843) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Culms to 40 cm high. Leaves glabrous, minutely scabrous along nerves; blade inrolled, to 8 cm long and 0.5 mm wide; ligule toothed at apex, to 5 mm long. Panicle initially contracted with erect branches, finally open to sparse with spreading branches, to 15 cm long and 12 cm wide. Spikelets 1.8–2.5 mm long; glumes equal or the lower slightly longer, obtuse to acute, often shortly apiculate; lemmas (excluding membranous apical lobes) from one-half to two-thirds as long as glumes, glabrous except for short callus hairs, minutely scabrous; awn usually absent from lower floret, upper floret with awn inserted about one-third from base, 2–3 mm long. Flowers Sep.–Dec.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MonT, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Naturalized in all States except NT. Indigenous to southern Europe. Widespread in Victoria across a wide range of habitats, but not in perpetually moist sites or semi-arid areas, often coextensive with A. caryophyllea.

Some specimens have an abruptly widened pedicel immediately below the spikelet. Although this feature is often considered to be diagnostic of the species, the same feature is occasionally found on specimens agreeing in all other respects with either A. caryophyllea or A. elegantissima.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2015-06-30
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Aira
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Aira cupaniana in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Aira cupaniana in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present introduced
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present introduced
Victorian Alps present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory