Agrostemma githago L.

Sp. Pl. 1: 435 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Extinct

Establishment means:Introduced

Erect annual to 1 m high with white appressed hairs; stems simple or few-branched. Leaves sessile, connate at base, linear-lanceolate, 50–100 mm long, 2–10 mm wide. Flowers solitary or in axillary dichasia; peduncles 3–9 cm long; calyx tube ovoid, 1–1.5 cm long, the lobes much longer than the tube; petal limb red to lilac, slightly shorter than the calyx lobes, entire to emarginate. Capsule obovoid to campanulate, 1–2 cm long; seeds c. 3 mm long, acutely tuberculate, black. 

Native to the Mediterranean region. Not recorded in Victoria since the 1890’s, where it was collected from a number of regional towns. Plants do not appear have persisted in these areas, and it is likely that this species was never truly naturalised in Victoria. Outside Victoria it is a weed of fields, particularly wheat fields.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2015-05-18
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-01-08
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Caryophyllanae
genus Agrostemma
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Agrostemma githago in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Agrostemma githago in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain extinct introduced
Gippsland Plain extinct cultivated
Central Victorian Uplands extinct introduced
Highlands-Northern Fall extinct introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales