Senecio macrocarpus Belcher

Large-headed Groundsel

Muelleria 5: 119 (1983) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:EPBC: vulnerable (VU); Victoria: endangered (e); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Erect or sprawling subshrub with stems to c. 70 cm high arising from a perennial rootstock, usually greyish-cobwebbed all over. Leaves sessile or pseudopetiolate, sometimes shortly auriculate, linear, 4–12 cm long, 2–5(–10) mm wide, entire to distantly and minutely dentate (rarely prominently toothed or shallowly and distantly lobed); upper surface sometimes minutely hispid as well as cobwebbed; lower surface usually more densely cobwebbed than upper. Inflorescence cymose or corymbose, usually with c. 2–10 capitula; capitula non-radiate; involucre plumply cylindric, 10–18 mm long, glabrous, or slightly cobwebbed near base; bracts 16–21(–33); bracteoles present; florets 50–150, bisexual and unisexual. Cypselas cylindric but long-tapered toward apex, 4.5–6 mm long, brown, densely papillose-hairy in rows; pappus of slender hairs 8–10 mm long, deciduous. Flowers Aug.–Oct.

CVU, DunT, Gold, NIS, OtP, VAlp, VVP, Wim. Also SA, Tas. In Victoria largely confined to remnant Themeda grasslands on loamy clay soils derived from basalt from near Melbourne west to Skipton area. Also known from auriferous ground near Stawell. Formerly recorded from near Horsham and Casterton, but apparently long extinct from these areas.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1999). Senecio. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Asterales
family Asteraceae
genus Senecio
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Senecio macrocarpus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Senecio macrocarpus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present cultivated
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales