Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Herbs, shrubs or trees, glabrous or variously hairy, sometimes producing latex. Leaves alternate or opposite, rarely whorled, simple to compound; stipules rarely present. Inflorescence of 1-many dense capitula, each with (1–)few-many sessile (rarely shortly pedicellate) flowers on a common receptacle, the capitulum nearly always subtended by an involucre of 1-several series of bracts, occasionally capitula aggregated into compound heads and surrounded by a secondary involucre; receptacle flat to convex, sometimes a bract subtending each flower, sometimes bristly, or naked. Florets with inferior ovaries, bisexual, unisexual or neuter, often 2 types present within each capitulum; corollas ligulate and 2–5-toothed, or tubular and 4- or 5-toothed (when both present within a capitulum, the former called ray florets and the latter disc florets); anthers connate into a tube, the pollen released into the interior of the anther tube and pushed out by growth of the style; ovary unilocular, 1-ovulate, style 2-branched, variously hairy or papillate, branches usually spreading, stigmatic toward their apices (rarely throughout). Fruit a cypsela (rarely a drupe), often crowned by a persistent or deciduous pappus of scales or bristles (possibly derived from a strongly modified calyx).

An extremely large and taxonomically complex family of c. 23 000 species in over 1500 genera; c. 1000 species in 205 genera in Australia.

Following the classification of Bremer (1994), tribes Cardueae to Arctoteae are included in subfamily Cichorioideae, and tribes Inuleae to Eupatorieae in subfamily Asteroideae. A third subfamily, Barnadesioideae, regarded as being ancestral in the family, is confined to South America.

The term 'ligule' is sometimes restricted to the strap-like, 5-toothed corolla of the Lactuceae, but in the following account it is used as a generic term for the similar, 2-4-toothed corolla of all groups with ray florets.

Multi-access key to the Victorian Asteraceae

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Asteraceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2021-03-24
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Asterales
Higher taxa
family Asteraceae
Subordinate taxa
genus Abrotanella
genus Achillea
genus Actinobole
genus Actites
genus Ageratina
genus Allittia
genus Ambrosia
genus Ammobium
genus Angianthus
genus Anthemis
genus Apalochlamys
genus Arctium
genus Arctotheca
genus Arctotis
genus Argyrotegium
genus Artemisia
genus Asteridea
genus Asteriscus
genus Baccharis
genus Bedfordia
genus Bellis
genus Berkheya
genus Bidens
genus Blennospora
genus Brachyscome
genus Calendula
genus Calocephalus
genus Calomeria
genus Calotis
genus Carduus
genus Carthamus
genus Cassinia
genus Celmisia
genus Centaurea
genus Centipeda
genus Ceratogyne
genus Chamaemelum
genus Chondrilla
genus Chrysocoma
genus Cichorium
genus Cirsium
genus Coreopsis
genus Coronidium
genus Cotula
genus Craspedia
genus Cratystylis
genus Crepis
genus Cyanthillium
genus Cymbonotus
genus Cynara
genus Delairea
genus Dittrichia
genus Eclipta
genus Elachanthus
genus Erigeron
genus Eriochlamys
genus Ethuliopsis
genus Euchiton
genus Euryops
genus Ewartia
genus Felicia
genus Filago
genus Gaillardia
genus Galinsoga
genus Gamochaeta
genus Gazania
genus Glebionis
genus Glossocardia
genus Gnaphalium
genus Gnephosis
genus Grindelia
genus Gymnocoronis
genus Haegiela
genus Helianthus
genus Helichrysum
genus Hyalosperma
genus Hypochaeris
genus Isoetopsis
genus Iva
genus Ixodia
genus Kippistia
genus Lactuca
genus Lagenophora
genus Lapsana
genus Lasiospermum
genus Leiocarpa
genus Lemooria
genus Leontodon
genus Leptinella
genus Leucanthemum
genus Leucochrysum
genus Leucophyta
genus Logfia
genus Madia
genus Mantisalca
genus Matricaria
genus Mauranthemum
genus Microseris
genus Millotia
genus Minuria
genus Monoculus
genus Notobasis
genus Olearia
genus Oncosiphon
genus Onopordum
genus Ozothamnus
genus Pascalia
genus Petasites
genus Picnomon
genus Picris
genus Pilosella
genus Pluchea
genus Podolepis
genus Podotheca
genus Pogonolepis
genus Polycalymma
genus Pycnosorus
genus Quinetia
genus Reichardia
genus Rhaponticum
genus Rhodanthe
genus Roldana
genus Rutidosis
genus Schkuhria
genus Scolymus
genus Scorzonera
genus Senecio
genus Sigesbeckia
genus Siloxerus
genus Silybum
genus Solenogyne
genus Solidago
genus Soliva
genus Sonchus
genus Stuartina
genus Tagetes
genus Tanacetum
genus Tolpis
genus Tragopogon
genus Urospermum
genus Ursinia
genus Verbesina
genus Vittadinia
genus Waitzia
genus Xanthium
genus Xerochrysum