Lilium

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Erect or ascending, unbranched perennial herbs with scaly bulb. Roots fibrous. Leaves numerous, cauline, alternate, opposite or verticillate. Inflorescence a terminal raceme, spike, racemose umbel or flowers single. Flowers bisexual, often rather large; perianth segments free or at least partly united albeit rather tenuosly, equal or subequal; stamens 6, anthers dorsifixed or basifixed, dehiscing introrsely by slits; ovary superior, cylindric, 3-locular, ovules numerous; style elongate, stigma capitate, 3-lobed or trifid. Fruit a loculicidal capsule; seeds numerous, winged.

About 75 species, in temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, widely cultivated; at least 2 species naturalised in Australia.

Source: Conran, J.G. (1994). Liliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-08-29
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Liliales
family Liliaceae
Higher taxa
genus Lilium
Subordinate taxa