Chloris gayana Kunth


Revis. Gramin. 293 (1830)

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Stoloniferous perennial, culms erect, to 120 cm high. Leaves hairy about the ligule; blade finely scabrous, folded when young, flat when mature, narrowly tapered to apex, to 40 cm long and 10 mm wide. Inflorescence an umbel of 10–19 spikes, 7–11 cm long. Spikelets with 2–4 florets, the lowest bisexual, the second male and any others sterile; lower glume 1–2 mm, the upper shortly awned, 2.5–3.5 mm long in all; fertile lemma acute, c. 3 mm long, upper margin with a sparse tuft of hairs c. 1 mm long, awn 1–3 mm long; second lemma resembling first but smaller and glabrous; sterile lemma(s) truncate, awnless. Flowers Mar.–Jul.

*CVU, *EGU, *GipP, *Gold, *MuF, *MuM, *OtP, *RobP, *VRiv, *VVP. Naturalized in all mainland States. Native to southern Africa. Locally common in irrigated districts in the north-west, occasionally grown as a lawn or pasture species or appearing sporadically in other areas (e.g. Melbourne suburbs, Lindenow near Bairnsdale). .

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Chloris
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Chloris gayana in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Chloris gayana in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present cultivated
East Gippsland Uplands present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory