Eleocharis gracilis R.Br.

Slender Spike-rush

Prodr. 224 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Slender perennial with short creeping rhizome. Culms tufted or solitary on rhizome, terete to flattened, grooved, to 20(–50) cm high, to 1 mm diam. Spikelet ovoid to oblong, 5–9(–12) mm long, 2–4 mm diam.; glumes obtuse to acute, obtusely keeled, sides membranous, tinged red-brown, 3.3–3.6 mm long; hypogynous bristles 5–6, flattened, pale brown, finely and retrorsely toothed, usually much exceeding the style-base but sometimes only as long as nut; stamens 3; anthers 1.0–2.2 mm long; style 3-fid. Nut ± equally trigonous, with angles ± acute, obovoid, golden brown, somewhat shining, 1–1.5 mm long, 0.8–1 mm diam.; external cells minute, shortly vertically oblong or almost isodiametric; style-base from one-third to one-half as long as and one-half to two-thirds as wide as nut. Flowers spring–summer.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, MonT, MuF, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, VAlp, VVP, WPro, Wim. Also SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. New Zealand. Scattered in seasonally wet situations through most of lowland Victoria, but apparently absent from mallee areas.

Source: Wilson, K.L. (1994). Cyperaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Cyperaceae
genus Eleocharis
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Eleocharis gracilis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Eleocharis gracilis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory