Betula pendula Roth

Silver Birch

Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 405 (1788) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Tree to c. 20 m high, sometimes multistemmed; bark silvery white, sheading in sheets, not shedding freely. Branches slender, usually pendulous, glabrous, sometimes glandular. Leaves deltoid to ovate, 3–7.5 cm long, 1.5–6 cm wide, upper surface glabrous, shiny green, lower surface densely glandular; margins irregularly serrate; apex acuminate; base cuneate to truncate or cordate; lateral veins 4–8. Female catkin oblong or oblong-cylindric, 1–3 cm long, 8–10 mm wide, pendulous; bracts 4–6 mm long, densely pubescent, 3-lobed, lateral lobes recurved, longer than or equal to central lobe. Fruit ± elliptic, c. 2 mm long, wings longer and wider than nutlet.

*VAlp. Also naturalised SA, ACT, Tas. Native to north-west China, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and Russia.

Commonly cultivated, spreading from near-by plantings at Falls Creek in Victoria.

The name Betula alba L. has widely been misapplied to this species and Betula pubescens Ehrh. See note under Betula aff. pubescens (Mt Macedon).

Created by: Andre Messina, 2015-03-10
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-08-02
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fagales
family Betulaceae
genus Betula
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Betula pendula in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Betula pendula in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Alps present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory