Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Annuals, or perennial herbs with short rhizome. Culms usually tufted, ± angular or subterete, striate or grooved. Leaves all basal, or also a few on lower part of culms, occasionally reduced to short-bladed sheaths; ligule a fringe of hairs, or membranous, or absent; inflorescence terminal (very rarely pseudolateral), simple or compound, or headlike, or consisting of a single spikelet; involucral bracts usually leaf-like. Spikelets solitary or in clusters, terete, angular, or strongly flattened, few- to many-flowered; rachilla usually persistent, often winged, rarely spikelets falling off as a whole; glumes spirally arranged (Victorian species) or rarely distichous, up to 6 lower ones empty; flowers bisexual; hypogynous bristles absent; stamens 1–3; style 2–3-fid, with base usually thickened, deciduous, ciliate or glabrous. Nut trigonous or lenticular.

About 300 species world-wide, in tropical and warm temperate regions; 87 species in Australia, occurring in all mainland States.

Source: Wilson, K.L. (1994). Cyperaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-02-18
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Cyperaceae
Higher taxa
genus Fimbristylis
Subordinate taxa