Galium curvihirtum Ehrend. & McGill.

Telopea 2: 373 (1983) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

Prostrate, scrambling or rarely loosely caespitose biennial or perennial; stems slender, mostly 20–40 cm long, usually with tiny retrorse prickles, sometimes with spreading or retrorse hairs, or glabrous. Leaves and stipules subsessile, c. equal, in whorls of 4, linear-lanceolate to narrow-elliptic, mostly 4–12 mm long and 1–2 mm wide, acute to acuminate, upper surface with few–many spreading hairs, lower surface usually glabrous except for hairs on midrib and the strongly recurved to revolute margins. Inflorescences 3(–5)-flowered, lower inflorescences often exceeding whorls, becoming equal to or shorter than whorls upwards; peduncles mostly 1–6 mm long; pedicels 0.5–2.5 mm long, straight or curved. Corolla to c. 1 mm long, white to cream. Fruit depressed-globose, (1.1–)1.3–1.8 mm long; mericarps reniform, touching one another, densely covered with short curved, usually whitish hairs. Flowers Oct.–Mar.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, Glep, GGr, VVP, Wim. Also SA, NSW. In Victoria apparently confined to the south-west, usually in open-forest and woodland. Also recorded at a few sites in eastern Victoria, which Thompson (2009) thought might be recent introductions. However, given that at least some of the records come from high quality vegetation suggests that the species is also native to eastern Victoria.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Rubiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-05-27

Thompson, I.R. (2009). A revision of Asperula and Galium (Rubieae: Rubiaceae) in Australia, Muelleria 27(1): 36-116.

Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Gentianales
family Rubiaceae
genus Galium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Galium curvihirtum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Galium curvihirtum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales