Sp. Pl. 1017 (1753) APNI
Spreading tree to c. 30 m high, trunk short, crown often wider than high, bark grey-brown, ultimately moderately fissured on trunk and larger branches; upper branches, twigs and shoots very long-pendulous, almost vertical, often touching the ground; twigs green or brownish-green, slender, initially pubescent, soon glabrous, lustrous; buds at first pubescent, soon glabrous, brown, lustrous. Leaves narrow-lanceolate, 5–18 cm long, 1–2.5 cm wide, soon more or less glabrous, deep green and lustrous above, glaucescent or glaucous below; apex very long-acuminate; base cuneate; margins shallowly toothed, teeth non-glandular to 0.8 mm long; stipules caducous, auriculate-acuminate, to 10 mm long, margins distantly glandular-toothed, a few sessile glands around base of upper surface. Female plants only known; catkins c. cylindric, curved or straight 0.6–2.8 cm long, erect or spreading on short leafy lateral shoots; peduncle very short, 1–3 mm long; catkin-scales c. 2 mm long, pale yellow-green; ovary sessile, flask-shaped, c. equal with catkin-scale, glabrous. Catkins lengthening slightly and ovaries developing to release aborted seed. Flowers Aug.–Oct.
*CVU, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *NIS, *VRiv, *VVP. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. Indigenous in China. Naturalised in New Zealand, South Africa, Canada, North and South America. Very widely cultivated for ornament.
Naturalized vegetatively, as only female plants are present; male plants apparently occur in Tibet and India. Many Australian records of this species are referable to Salix ×sepulcralis and S. ×pendulina from which it is distinguished by few pale petiolar glands; very short catkins (female only) which are almost sessile or shortly pedunculate, green or green-brown twigs, a very heavy crown of foliage with very long, c. vertical curtains of branches in mature trees and non-glandular teeth on the leaf margins.
It occurs with male Salix ×sepulcralis and other taxa in subgenus Salix in many locations; seed production and additional hybrids are expected.
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||naturalised|
|Central Victorian Uplands||present||introduced|
|Northern Inland Slopes||present||naturalised|
|East Gippsland Uplands||present||naturalised|
|New South Wales|
|Australian Capital Territory|