Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 241 (1822) APNI
Erect, ascending or procumbent shrub to 2.5 m tall; stems numerous, glabrescent, 5-angled. Leaves trifoliolate and shortly petiolate on lower stems, 1-foliolate and subsessile higher up, or absent; leaflets narrow-elliptic to obovate, 5–20 mm long, 1.5–8 mm wide, sessile, pubescent, apex acute or obtuse; stipules inconspicuous. Flowers 1 or 2 per leaf-axil, arranged in long terminal raceme; pedicels slender, 5–12 mm long; calyx c. 6 mm long, glabrous, lower lip longer than upper; corolla mostly 16–20 mm long, golden-yellow, sometimes with reddish-brown markings; standard broad, notched. Pod linear-oblong, 25–60 mm long, 8–10 mm wide, ciliate; seeds mostly 6–18, more or less elliptic, c. 3 mm long, compressed, green-yellow; aril yellow. Flowers mainly Sep.–Dec.
*CVU, *DunT, *EGU, *GipP, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *MonT, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP. Also naturalised WA, SA, NSW, ACT, Tas . Native to Europe. A garden or hedge plant that has become widely established throughout higher rainfall parts of the State. It readily invades disturbed areas such as roadsides, fence-lines and grazing land and will establish itself in bushland particularly along watercourses.
Declared a noxious weed in Victoria, English Broom is particularly troublesome and proving difficult to eradicate. It has become firmly entrenched in a number of areas of the state where it is a severe threat to native bushland.
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||naturalised|
|Central Victorian Uplands||present||naturalised|
|Northern Inland Slopes||present||naturalised|
|East Gippsland Uplands||present||naturalised|
|New South Wales|
|Australian Capital Territory|