Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link

English Broom

Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 241 (1822) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect, ascending or procumbent shrub to 2.5 m tall; stems numerous, glabrescent, 5-angled. Leaves trifoliolate and shortly petiolate on lower stems, 1-foliolate and subsessile higher up, or absent; leaflets narrow-elliptic to obovate, 5–20 mm long, 1.5–8 mm wide, sessile, pubescent, apex acute or obtuse; stipules inconspicuous. Flowers 1 or 2 per leaf-axil, arranged in long terminal raceme; pedicels slender, 5–12 mm long; calyx c. 6 mm long, glabrous, lower lip longer than upper; corolla mostly 16–20 mm long, golden-yellow, sometimes with reddish-brown markings; standard broad, notched. Pod linear-oblong, 25–60 mm long, 8–10 mm wide, ciliate; seeds mostly 6–18, more or less elliptic, c. 3 mm long, compressed, green-yellow; aril yellow. Flowers mainly Sep.–Dec.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGU, *GipP, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *MonT, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP. Also naturalised WA, SA, NSW, ACT, Tas . Native to Europe. A garden or hedge plant that has become widely established throughout higher rainfall parts of the State. It readily invades disturbed areas such as roadsides, fence-lines and grazing land and will establish itself in bushland particularly along watercourses.

Declared a noxious weed in Victoria, English Broom is particularly troublesome and proving difficult to eradicate. It has become firmly entrenched in a number of areas of the state where it is a severe threat to native bushland.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Fabaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-11-13
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Cytisus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cytisus scoparius in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cytisus scoparius in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory