Beta vulgaris L.

Sp. Pl. 1: 222 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Biennial herb with stem decumbent to erect and up to 2 m high, sometimes purplish. Basal leaves rosetted; lamina ovate to rhombic, 5–20 cm long, 3–6 cm wide; petiole slender, half to about as long as lamina; cauline leaves smaller and becoming almost sessile toward inflorescence. Flowers solitary or in clusters of up to 8. Perianth lobes oblong, 1–2.5 mm long, incurved. Fruiting perianth with segments corky at least toward base, adjacent fruits fused and falling as a unit. 

*GipP, *OtP, *VVP.

Commonly cultivated, with many infraspecific taxa and forms described, two subspecies naturalised in Victoria.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2015-04-07
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-05-01
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Caryophyllanae
genus Beta
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Beta vulgaris in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Beta vulgaris in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised