Viola betonicifolia Sm.

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Rhizomatous perennial herb. Leaves in basal rosette; lamina triangular, lanceolate, obovate or oblong, 20–70 mm long, (6–)15–25 mm wide, usually glabrous, base truncate, cuneate or slightly cordate, margins entire or shallowly scalloped; petiole 2–15(–25) cm long; stipules adhering to petiole, linear, entire or laciniate. Flower-scapes 5–28(–35) cm long, glabrous; bracteoles below middle. Sepals ovate to lanceolate, 3–10 mm long, acute, basal appendages small; petals 10–20 mm long, violet to almost white, golden at base, anterior (lower) petal broadly obovate to obcuneate, with short, broad spur, lateral petals bearded inside. Capsule ellipsoid, 713 mm long. Seeds ovoid, 1–1.5 mm long, pale brown.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, MonT, MuF, NIS, OtP, SnM, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro.

There are two subspecies, both in Victoria..

Created by: Neville Walsh, 2015-04-10
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malpighiales
family Violaceae
genus Viola
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Viola betonicifolia in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Viola betonicifolia in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory