Sp. Pl. 2: 827 (1753) APNI
Erect annual or biennial to 1 m high; stems winged, whitish, woolly or densely cobwebbed; wings to 15 mm wide, with spines to 5 mm long on lobes. Leaves sessile, mostly cauline, oblong-ovate to broad-lanceolate or ovate in outline, to 35 cm long and 20 cm wide, pinnatifid or toothed, with 6–8 pairs of broad-triangular lobes or teeth, each tipped by a yellowish spine, upper surface grey-green and sparsely woolly, lower surface paler and more densely woolly. Capitula shortly pedunculate, solitary or in clusters of 2 or 3 at ends of stems, subglobose, 3.5–5 cm diam.; involucral bracts subulate, to 2.5 cm long, inner ones erect, outer reflexed, tapered into a yellow spinose apical appendage, base cobwebbed. Florets longer than involucre, purple. Cypselas 4–5 mm long, 4-ribbed, wrinkled, grey with darker mottling; pappus 7–10 mm long, buff. Flowers spring and summer.
*CVU, *EGU, *GipP, *Gold, *HNF, *VVP. Native to Europe, northern Africa and Asia. Widespread in central Victoria, often in pastures and on roadsides, and declared a noxious weed in the State.
The Victorian material has the long florets and broad stem-wing of the type subspecies (Tutin et al. 1976).
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||naturalised|
|Central Victorian Uplands||present||introduced|
|East Gippsland Uplands||present||naturalised|
|New South Wales|
|Australian Capital Territory|