Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Annual or perennial herbs, less often trees or shrubs. Leaves opposite or alternate, simple, palmate or pinnate; stipules absent. Inflorescences terminal cymose clusters or dense heads, or flowers solitary in axils. Flowers bisexual, regular or slightly zygomorphic, often showy; bracteoles present or absent; sepals 4 or 5, usually fused into a tube, persistent in fruit; petals 4 or 5, fused into a tube at base, lobes spreading, contorted in bud; stamens 5, inserted on corolla-tube, alternating with lobes, anthers dehiscing by longitudinal slits; ovary superior, usually 3-celled, ovules 1 or more per cell, placentation axile, style filiform, simple, stigma usually 3-lobed. Fruit usually a loculicidal capsule; seeds with endosperm, often sticky when wet.

18 genera with c. 385 species, mainly from North America but also South America, Europe and northern Asia; 4 genera in Australia.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Polemoniaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-03-13
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Ericales
Higher taxa
family Polemoniaceae
Subordinate taxa
genus Collomia
genus Navarretia
genus Polemonium