Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Annual herbs; stems simple to divaricately branched. Leaves alternate, entire to once or twice pinnate, sometimes palmately lobed, upper ones bracteate, apex spine-tipped. Inflorescences spiny, densely bracted heads. Flowers sessile or subsessile; sepals 4 or 5, more or less unequal, entire or toothed, mostly free but partly united basally by a scarious membrane; corolla 4- or 5-lobed, funnel-shaped to saucer-shaped, lobes with 1 or 3 main veins; stamens equally or unequally inserted in throat of corolla-tube or in sinuses of corolla-lobes, included or exserted, filaments glabrous; ovary 3-celled, stigma entire or 2- or 3-lobed. Capsule 1–3-celled, 3–8-valved, membranous to chartaceous, dehiscence regular or irregular; seeds 1–many per cell, often minutely pitted.

About 30 species, mainly from North America with 1 species from South America; 1 species naturalised in Australia.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Polemoniaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-03-13
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Ericales
family Polemoniaceae
Higher taxa
genus Navarretia
Subordinate taxa