Billardiera mutabilis Salisb.

Parad. Lond. t. 48 (1806) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Slender climber, young stems villous, becoming glabrescent. Leaves sessile, narrowly elliptic to ovate, thin-textured, 18–80 mm long, 3–18 mm wide, variably pubescent; margins plain to undulate but hardly recurved. Flowers solitary (rarely paired or in 3s) in upper axils or terminal; pedicels slender, 12–45 mm long, extending in fruit, pendant; sepals lanceolate, 4–9 mm long, sparsely pilose to villous; corolla glabrous, 12–23 mm long, campanulate, with acute to acuminate lobes free to the base, slightly recurved near tips, yellow-green, tinged bluish with age; stamens and style usually c. half as long as corolla; ovary glabrous, rarely pubescent. Berry plump, c. 1–2 cm long, glabrous, rarely moderate to sparsely pubescent, green or yellowish; seeds broadly cylindric, flattened or plano-convex, 2–3 mm long.   Flowers mainly Sep.–Jan.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Common in heathland, woodland and forests from near sea-level to the subalps.

This species is closely associated with Billardiera scandens, and the distinction between the two species is often unclear (see note under B. scandens). Bentham included the glabrous-fruited B. mutabilis in a broadly defined B. scandens, a species that had previously been described with pubescent fruits. However, in doing so, Bentham also assigned densely villous-fruited plants into B. scandens var. brachyantha (F.Muell. ex Klatt) Benth. Hence the name B. scandens var. scandens has widely been applied to glabrous-fruited plants in Victoria. These two taxa are now recognised at species rank, with glabrous-fruited plants put back into B. mutabilis, and villous-fruited plants (previously in B. scandens var. brachyantha) are retained in B. scandens.

The berry is edible.

Source: Walsh, N.G.; Albrecht, D.E. (1996). Pittosporaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Billardiera scandens var. scandens).
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2019-08-06

Cayzer, L.W.; Crisp, M.D. & Telford, I.R.H. (2004). Cladistic analysis and revision of Billardiera (Pittosporaceae), Australian Systematic Botany 17(1): 83-125.

Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Apiales
genus Billardiera
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Billardiera mutabilis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Billardiera mutabilis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory