Papaver rhoeas L.

Corn Poppy

Sp. Pl. 507 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Extinct

Establishment means:Naturalised

Plants annual, caulescent, sometimes subscapose, to 80 cm high, hispid to setulose; stems simple or usually branched. Leaves to 15 cm long, the upper ones often somewhat clustered; blades 1–2-pinnately lobed, the upper ones not with stem-clasping bases. Peduncles sparsely to densely spreading- or ascending-hispid throughout; petals white, pink, orange or red, often with dark basal spot, to 35 mm long; filaments purple, filiform, anthers bluish; stigmas 5–18, disc ± flat. Capsules sessile or substipitate, turbinate to subglobose, to 2 cm long, less than twice as long as wide, obscurely ribbed, glabrous. Flowers Oct. (1 record).

Also naturalised WA, SA, NSW, Tas. Native to Europe, northern Africa, south-western Asia, widely introduced beyond as a crop weed and garden-escape. Known with certainty by a single collection near Darby River in Wilsons Promontory National Park, but almost certainly more widespread. Usually in open disturbed areas, especially roadsides and cultivated fields.

Various forms with pale pink or white, unspotted, sometimes doubled petals are grown for ornament, notably the Shirley Poppies.

Source: Kiger, R.W. (1996). Papaver. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-07
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Ranunculanae
order Ranunculales
family Papaveraceae
genus Papaver
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Papaver rhoeas in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Papaver rhoeas in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Gippsland Plain extinct introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall extinct naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory