Austrostipa pilata (S.W.L.Jacobs & J.Everett)S.W.L.Jacobs & J.Everett

Prickly Spear-grass

Telopea 6: 587 (1996) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: vulnerable (v)

Loosely tufted perennial, culms firm and slender (to 1 mm diam. at base), erect, to 80 cm high, nodes apparent, pubescent to almost glabrous. Leaves scabrous or pubescent, at least the sheath of lower leaves densely pubescent; blade erect, strongly inrolled, to 12 cm long, 1–2 mm diam., sharp-pointed; ligule ciliate, 1–2 mm long, auricles with a conspicuous tuft of hairs to 2 mm long. Inflorescence a slender contracted panicle to 20 cm long. Glumes 8–10 mm long, straw-coloured, acuminate, subequal; lemma 4–6 mm long, brown at maturity, granular with short white hairs, sparse toward apex, an indistinct coma sometimes present; callus 1–1.5 mm long; awn falcate, 40–65 mm long, the straight part 7–12 mm long, shortly pubescent; palea slightly shorter than lemma, with a sparse line of hairs down the centre. Flowers Nov.

MuM. Also SA. Known from only one collection in the extreme north-west corner of the state where occurring on red sandstone cliffs overlooking the Murray River.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Stipa pilata S.W.L.Jacobs & J.Everett).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-11-16
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Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Austrostipa pilata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Austrostipa pilata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia