Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Perennial shrubs, often spiny and pubescent. Leaves alternate and spirally arranged or clustered, simple, fleshy, more or less sessile; stipules small, often caducous. Inflorescences terminal, of loose branched dichasial cymes. Flowers bisexual or often functionally unisexual, shortly pedicellate; sepals 5, connate at base, persistent in fruit; petals 5, hooded, induplicate-valvate, yellow (not in Victoria) or white; stamens 10–15, 5 opposite sepals, 1 or 2 whorls of 5 opposite petals, lacking appendages, anthers more or less basifixed; ovary 3-celled, free, sessile, ovules 1 per cell, pendulous, style short and thick, stigma 3-partite. Fruit an ovoid drupe with a fleshy exocarp and a pitted and furrowed bony endocarp; seed 1 by abortion, without endosperm.

About 9 species from the western Sahara to central Asia; 1 species in Australia.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Zygophyllaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2016-06-01
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Sapindales
family Nitrariaceae
Higher taxa
genus Nitraria
Subordinate taxa