Nitraria billardierei DC.


Prodr. 3: 456 (1828) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Rigid, often widely spreading shrub to 2 m high; branchlets appressed-hairy, glabrescent, often tangled and spiny. Leaves sessile, alternate or often clustered, oblong-cuneate, 5–40 mm long, 1–5 mm wide, apex acute, both surfaces appressed-hairy, glaucous or green. Sepals 5, ovate, 1–2.5 mm long, fused in lower half, pubescent; petals 5(–6), obovate, 2–4 mm long, apex pouched and rounded, white. Drupe ovoid-oblong, 10–20 mm long, purple, red or golden when ripe, edible. Flowers mostly Sep.–Dec.

Glep, LoM, MuF, MuM, MSB, RobP, VRiv, VVP, Wim. All mainland states. In Victoria, largely confined to the north-west, where locally common on saline flats and floodplains on clay or gypseous soils, but also with isolated occurrences on limestone cliffs near Portland.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Zygophyllaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Andre Messina, 2018-10-23
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Sapindales
family Nitrariaceae
genus Nitraria
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Nitraria billardierei in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Nitraria billardierei in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales