Cynosurus echinatus L.

Rough Dog's-tail

Sp. Pl. 72 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Slender tufted annual, culms erect, to 80 cm high. Leaf-blades flat, to 20 cm long and 10 mm wide, scabrous on the upper surface; ligules blunt, 2–10 mm long. Panicle narrowly ovate to almost globular, very bristly, 1–5 cm long; sterile spikelets subtending and largely concealing fertile ones; sterile spikelets with 6–16 subulate, apically awned bracts, 4–8 mm long; fertile spikelets 1–5-flowered, 7–14 mm long (excluding awns); glumes subequal, narrowly acuminate, 7–12 mm long; lemmas narrowly ovate, 4–7 mm long, scabrous toward apex, with a straight terminal or subterminal awn 6–16 mm long. Flowers Oct.–Jan.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Naturalised in all States except NT. Indigenous in the Mediterranean region. Widespread and common in disturbed sites and pastures on fertile and semi-fertile soils throughout southern and north-eastern Victoria.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-12-13
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Cynosurus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cynosurus echinatus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cynosurus echinatus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory