Cordyline australis (G.Forst.) Endl.

New Zealand Cabbage-tree

Prodr. Fl. Norfolk. 29 (1833) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect shrub or tree, to c. 8 m high, usually with several to many branches within crown. Leaves linear, 30–100 cm long and 1–5 cm wide, many-nerved, the midrib slightly broader than the rest; petiole indistinct, only slightly narrower than remainder of leaf. Panicle widely branched, to 150 cm long and 80 cm wide, each branch subtended by a leaf-like bract; bracts subtending flowers c. 5–8 mm long; flowers subsessile, sweetly scented; perianth segments oblong, white, about as long as bracts, finally reflexed; stamens shortly exceeding perianth segments; style subequal to stamens; stigma shortly trifid. Berry globose, c. 4 mm diam.; seeds c. 2.5 mm long, ± comma-shaped. Flowers Oct.–Dec.

*EGL, *GipP, *HSF, *OtR, *Strz, *VVP. Native to New Zealand. Commonly cultivated. naturalised in Syzygium smithii rainforest near Mallacoota.

Source: Conran, J.G.; Walsh, N.G. (1994). Agavaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Frank Udovicic, 2014-06-20
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Asparagaceae
genus Cordyline
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cordyline australis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cordyline australis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory