Calendula arvensis L.

Field Marigold

Sp. Pl., edn 2, 1303 (1763) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Annual herbs, erect or sprawling, c. 10–35 cm high; branches with sparse to dense stalked-glandular hairs and septate eglandular hairs. Leaves narrowly elliptic, obovate to ovate, often narrowly so, 2–7 cm long, 4–12 mm wide, entire or few-toothed, with stalked glandular hairs. Involucral bracts c. 20–25, in c. 2 rows, narrowly ovate, 6–10 mm long; ray florets c. 10–20 in 1–2 rows, ligules yellow, to c. 10 mm long. Cypselas of usually 3 types, some of the outer ones strongly incurved, c. 10 mm long and with spines on the back, others c. 6 mm long and with incurved wings, the innermost c. 4 mm long, very strongly curved and ridged or tuberculate on the back. Flowers May–Jul.

*GipP, *MuM, *MSB, *VVP. Also naturalised SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. Native to Mediterranean area. An occasional weed of crops and disturbed habitats, usually on sandy ground.

Source: Short, P.S. (1999). Calendula. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2016-07-21
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Asterales
family Asteraceae
genus Calendula
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Calendula arvensis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Calendula arvensis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Murray Scroll Belt present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales