Alopecurus aequalis Sobol.

Orange Foxtail

Fl. Petrop. 16 (1799) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tufted annual or short-lived perennial, culms decumbent, geniculately ascending, or, rarely, erect, occasionally rooting at lower nodes, to 60 cm long. Leaves glabrous, virtually smooth; blade to 15 cm long and 1–3(–5) mm wide; ligule obtuse to acute, membranous, 1–5 mm long. Inflorescence a spike-like panicle, 2–6 cm long, 3–6 mm wide; glumes 1.5–3.5 mm long, obtuse, hyaline at apex, connate only at base, hairy along keel only or with short scattered hairs along sides; lemma subequal to or shortly exceeding glumes, obtuse, glabrous, shining brown at maturity, margins united for a third to half their length; awn 1–2 mm long, straight, inserted in the upper half of the lemma, exceeding glumes by up to 1 mm if at all; palea absent. Anthers 0.6–1.5 mm long. Flowers Sep.–Mar.

*DunT, *GipP, *Glep, *HSF, *LoM, *MonT, *MuF, *MuM, *MSB, *NIS, *RobP, *VRiv, *Wim. Also naturalised in SA, NSW (far south-west). Native to most of Europe, Asia, North America. Occurs in swampy situations or along irrigation channels predominantly in the north-west, but with an isolated record from a farm dam near Wulgulmerang in the east.

Often coextensive with A. geniculatus.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-01-07
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Alopecurus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Alopecurus aequalis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Alopecurus aequalis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present introduced
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Scroll Belt present introduced
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory