Prunella vulgaris L.


Sp. Pl. 600 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Prostrate to ascending herb; branches to c. 50 cm long, often rooting at lower nodes, usually glabrescent except for a few simple hairs mainly near nodes. Leaves ovate to narrowly ovate, 1.5–6 cm long, 7–25 mm wide, surfaces with scattered coarse hairs, apex obtuse to subacute, base broadly cuneate to truncate, margin entire to obscurely toothed; petiole 2–20 mm long. Inflorescence c. 2–9 cm long; bracts broadly cordate to c. orbicular, 10–20 mm long. Calyx 6–7 mm long, teeth of abaxial lip slightly shorter than or equal to adaxial lip; corolla 8–12 mm long, tube barely exceeding calyx, deep purple-blue; abaxial pair of stamens inserted near the middle and adaxial pair inserted near throat of corolla-tube. Mericarps c. 2 mm long. Flowers Nov.–Apr.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HFE, *HNF, *HSF, *MonT, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. Native to Europe and temperate Asia. Excepting the far north-west, widespread and common on seasonally wet or permanently damp ground through much of the State.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1999). Lamiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-05-01
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Lamiaceae
genus Prunella
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Prunella vulgaris in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Prunella vulgaris in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised
Highlands-Far East present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory