Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Trees, shrubs or usually herbs, usually aromatic, mostly with quadrangular branches. Leaves opposite or rarely whorled; stipules absent. Inflorescence cymose, with flowers often axillary or in the axils of leaf-like bracts, often in whorl-like clusters or reduced to single flowers. Flowers bisexual, usually with at least the corolla zygomorphic and usually 2-lipped; sepals 5, c. connate, persistent; petals 5, connate into a tube; stamens 4, adnate to corolla-tube, often with only 2 fertile, anthers (rarely 1- or)2-locular; ovary superior, 2-carpellate, 4-loculate, usually 4-lobed; style c. gynobasic. Fruit a schizocarp with each mericarp 1-seeded.

About 236 genera and 7200 species, cosmopolitan; c. 70 genera and 550 species in Australia.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1999). Lamiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2021-01-27
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
Higher taxa
family Lamiaceae
Subordinate taxa
genus Ajuga
genus Ballota
genus Cedronella
genus Clinopodium
genus Coleus Lour.
genus Lamium
genus Lavandula
genus Lycopus
genus Marrubium
genus Melissa
genus Mentha
genus Moluccella
genus Nepeta
genus Plectranthus
genus Prostanthera
genus Prunella
genus Salvia
genus Scutellaria
genus Stachys
genus Teucrium
genus Westringia